07 - Population


  1. Distribution of the world's population.

a) How is the world's population distributed between rural and urban areas?

a) How does pollution affect human population size?

b) What factors determine how urban areas develop?

c) Describe how resource uses, technology, environmental degradation affect human population.

c) Describe the process of ecological land use upon population distribution.

d) Describe Malthusian predictions of population growth, and agricultural productivity.


  2. Factors influencing population growth rates.

a) Define doubling time and indicate its importance.

b) Define biotic and abiotic factors, and identify three biotic factors, and three abiotic factors that influence populations.

c) Define biotic potential and indicate its effect on populations

d) Define carrying capacity and indicate its influence on populations.


  3. How can the global population growth be reduced?

a) Compare growth rates of a developed, and a less developed country.

b) Describe the populations of India and China. 

c) Describe the methods used by India and China in slowing population growth.


  4. Describe the process of Natural Selection, and how it applies to population


  5. Indicate how genetic engineering can alter birth, and death rates.


  6. Describe the growth of populations.

a) Describe an S shaped growth curve, and a J shaped growth curve.

b) Compare an S shaped growth curve, with a J shaped growth curve.

c) Describe the terms population overshoot, dieback, and reproductive time lag.


  7. Describe how transportation systems affect population distribution, and urban growth.


  8. Describe the population age structure diagrams. Population Age Structure Diagram

a) How is population size affected by the percentage of males, and females at each age level?

b) How can age structure diagrams be used to make population, and economic projections? 

c) Describe the differences in the age structure diagrams of a developed country, and a developing country.


  9. Fertility rates

a) Describe the fertility rates and reproductive patterns exhibited by species that enhance their survival.

b) Describe five factors that affect birth rate, and five factors that affect death rate.

c) What is the best single measure of a society's quality of life?  

d) What is the infant mortality rate in the U.S. and list four countries that have lower infant mortality rates than the U.S.?

Note: Refer to the following website for assistance. Select the country of interest from the pull down list and then scroll down to the PEOPLE section.



10. Describe/define demographic transition.

a) Describe the four stages of the demographic transition.

b) How do developed and developing countries differ regarding their current positions in the demographic transition?

c) Describe the controversies that surround controlling population size through controlling migration, and family planning.